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About Cleaning and Disinfecting

Both FDA and EPA are regulating sanitizers and disinfectants. For example, hand sanitizers are over-the-counter (OTC) drugs regulated by FDA. Hand sanitizers that meet FDA’s OTC drug review conditions will include a “Drug Facts” panel with product information on the labeling. Consumers should assure they are following the warnings and precautions described on this label, particularly regarding use in children. The Drug Facts label will also describe the ingredients in the product.

At EPA, products used to kill viruses and bacteria on surfaces are registered as antimicrobial pesticides. Sanitizers and disinfectants are two types of antimicrobial pesticides. Surface disinfectant products are subject to more rigorous EPA testing requirements and must clear a higher bar for effectiveness than surface sanitizing products. Many products are registered with EPA as both sanitizers and disinfectants because they've been tested using both methods. 

cleaning and disinfecting

Compare Popular Home Sanitizers and Disinfects

A product needs to balance consumer scenarios and scientific development. For example, some of the ingredients need to be avoided in the products for kids. We have compared more than 200 products and selected the following products with balanced features.

Product Image
airDefender Natural Sanitizer Travel Spray
Sanitizer Spray
Face, hands, hair safe; TSA friendly
Killing 99.9% of germs
$24.97 ($24.97 / Count)
Touchland Power Mist Hydrating Hand Sanitizer Spray
Hand Sanitizer Spray
TSA friendly
Award-winning design; 500 sprays killing 99% of germs
$44.97 ($44.97 / Count)
Babyganics Alcohol-Free Hand Sanitizer Wipes
Hand Sanitizer Wipes
Safe for babies
Mandarin scent wipes killing 99.9% of common bacteria
$10.73 ($13.41 /100 Count)
Babyganics Foaming Pump Hand Sanitizer
Hand Sanitizer Lotion
Safe for babies
Fragrance free lotion killing 99.9% of germs
$20.97 ($0.83 / Fl Oz)
EO Organic Hand Sanitizer Spray
Hand Sanitizer Spray
Better for women
French lavender spray killing 99.9% of germs
$33.01 ($2.75 / Fl Oz)
Mil-X Disinfectant Super-Concentrate
Disinfectant Concentrate
General household or commercial use
One gallon makes up to 256 quarts of ready to use spray for household or commercial use
$22.99 ($0.18 / Fl Oz)
Microban Disinfectant Spray
Disinfectant Spray
General household or commercial use
Citrus spray killing 99.9% of bacteria and viruses within 60 seconds on hard non-porous, non-food contact surfaces
$11.94 ($0.40 / Fl Oz)
Purefypro Disinfectant Spray
Disinfectant Spray
Hospitals, senior care, childcare facilities, and household use
Unscented spray killing 99.9999% viruses within 60 seconds
$35.95 ($1.12 / Fl Oz)

Boosting Immunity to Prevent COVID

With the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) infecting many, people are seeking to boost their immune systems. We definitely need our bodies' defenses to be as strong as possible. The immune system is an intricate network of units that act together to combat invaders, in this case, bacteria, viruses and other "enemies."


Since it is a system of many parts, not a single unit, it cannot technically be boosted. However, it can be strengthened to run efficiently in order to fight off diseases. How can this be done?

Immune-Strengthening Strategies

The healthy living strategies you can do for your immune system include:

  • Exercising regularly – Experts recommend at least 150 minutes of moderate exercise per week.

  • Eating a healthy, balanced diet that is high in fruits and vegetables.

  • Maintaining a healthy weight – Aim for a BMI of 25 or lower.

  • Getting quality sleep.

  • Reducing stress and developing good coping mechanisms.

  • Quitting smoking.

  • Drinking alcohol only in moderation, if at all.

Immunity Support Supplements

Chris D'Adamo, PhD, director of the Center for Integrative Medicine at the University of Maryland School of Medicine, helped create a prevention strategies guide. These guidelines are in alignment with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Using the following supplements in moderation are recommended  to keep the immune system functioning at its best:

  • Vitamin C may help prevent viral, bacterial and other infections by shortening the duration of colds and acting as a natural antihistamine and anti-inflammatory.

  • Vitamin D is one of the most important immune system-strengthening nutrients that can reduce the risk of colds and flu; this should be taken on a regular basis.

  • Vitamin A, when used on a short-term basis, can help support the body's ability to fight infections, especially with respiratory infections.

  • Zinc can help reduce the number of infections and the duration of the common cold when taken within 24 hours of onset.

  • Selenium is a key nutrient for immune function and is easily obtained from foods like the Brazil nut. Selenium is also an antioxidant, which strengthens the body's defenses against bacteria, viruses and cancer cells.

  • Raw honey is good at relieving minor pain and inflammation of mucous membranes, like nose and mouth, and has antioxidant properties and some microbial effects; it is helpful for coughs and sore throats and can be added to tea or hot water with lemon. (Note that children under 1 should not be given honey.)

  • Garlic, fresh, aged extract and garlic supplements, may reduce the severity of upper viral respiratory infections and function in preventing viral infections of the common cold.

  • Probiotics contain "good bacteria" that both support gut health and influence the function and regulation of the immune system. They also can decrease the number of respiratory infections, especially in children.

Further research has been conducted and the following additional supplements are now recommended as options for strengthening immunity:

  • Beta-glucans – numerous human trials have shown that beta-glucans stimulate activity against viral attack, these findings include a decrease in cold and flu symptoms and upper respiratory tract infections compared to placebo.

  • Mushrooms – a variety of mushroom species have been shown to help with immune function in a myriad of ways; some of the medicinal mushrooms include Shiitake, Lion's Mane, Maitake, and Reishi.

  • Berberine – found in the roots, rhizomes, and stem bark of various plants, this natural compound has been shown to have antiviral and anti-inflammatory properties; it can be found in goldenseal, goldthread and Oregon grape species.

  • Sulforaphane – sulforaphane has potent anti-inflammatory and anti-viral properties; it can be produced in the body in small amounts by eating some cruciferous vegetables or in more therapeutic amounts in dietary supplements containing glucoraphanin and myrosinase enzyme.

  • Elderberry – studies have shown that elderberry has properties that appear to help fight viruses; choose a low-sugar capsule or tablet, if possible, as opposed to sugary syrup.

NOW Supplements, Probiotic-10
25 billion CFU, with 10 clinical validated probiotic strains
$29.17 (100 count)
Support the function and regulation of the immune system
Puritan's Pride Odorless Garlic
Puritan's Pride
1000 mg of odorless garlic used for its exceptional rejuvenating properties
$16.56 (500 count)
May reduce the severity of upper viral respiratory infections
Beekeeper's naturals
Raw, wildcrafted, and unprocessed wildflower honey; rich in nutrients and beneficial enzymes
$14.99 (1.1lbs)
Relieve minor pain and inflammation of mucous membranes;
Host Defense, Reishi Capsules
Host Defense
Daily mushroom mycelium supplement reishi capsules supporting general wellness and vitality
$44.96 (120 count)
Help with immune function
Jarrow Formulas BroccoMax
Jarrow Formulas
Concentration of sulforaphane glucosinolate (SGS) and the enzyme myrosinase
$30.90 (120 count)
Potent anti-inflammatory and anti-viral properties
Berberine Plus
1200 Mg Pure Berberine
$22.90 (120 count)
Potent anti-inflammatory and anti-viral properties
NOW Supplements, Beta-Glucans with ImmunEnhancer with Larch Arabinogalactan
250 mg of Beta-Glucans with Larch Arabinogalactan
$13.77 (60 count)
Stimulate activity against viral attack
CHEWSY 6-in-1 Immune Support Supplement Fruity Chews
Mix of super nutrients such as elderberry, vitamins A, C, D, zinc
$24.99 (30 count)
Strengthen immune systems and help reduce the number of infections
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